An Investigation of Psychosomatic Adaptations in Newly Admitted Medical College StudentsFacilities
關鍵詞 Key words :
The development of student counseling network is based on the concept of community mental health that include primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. The student counseling center screened newly admitted medical college students using psychosomatic questionnaires in 1991 and 1992. The questionnaires are comprised of three parts: 1) General health condition and somatic symptoms, higher in the scores worse in condition; 2) Ego function and social support, lower in the scores worse in condition; 3) Psychological symptoms, higher in the scores worse in condition. The mean total scores of somatic symptoms showed significant difference between male (8.7 ± 5.8) and female (11.8 ± 6.2) (t=6.40, df=635,P < 0.01) in 1991. The mean total scores of somatic symptoms in 1992 showed no statistical significant differences between male (13.9 ± 8.8) and female (13.5 ± 7.0) (t=0.60, df=652, p > 0.05). In comparisons between 1991 and 1992 showed that scores of somatic symptoms were higher in both male and female (p < 0.01). The first five ranked somatic symptoms were acne, fatigue, cough, diarrhea and headache in both years, The mean scores of ego function and social support showed no significant differences (t=0.98, df=635, p > 0.05) between 1991 male (99.5 ± 14.4) and female (98.3 ± 14.7) students. Male (98.7 ± 15.2) and female (100.6 ± 13.7) also showed no significant differences (p > 0.05) in 1992. Comparison between 1991 and 1992 that scores of ego function and social support showed no significant differences. The first five ranked ego function and social support items were “I know that study is meaningful”, “I know my goal of study”, “I can share with teachers, classmates and friends”, “I like different activities and recreations”, and “I can share with families” in both years. The mean total scores of psychological symptoms showed significant difference between male (53.8 ± 11.9) and female (57.5 ± 12.1) (t=3.77, df=635, p < 0.01) in 1991. The mean total scores of psychological symptoms showed significant difference between male (54.4 ± 11.8) and female (56.4 ± 12.1) (t=2.07, df=652, p< 0.05) in 1992. Comparisons between years showed no significant differences in either sex. The first five ranked psychological symptoms were “urgent of time”, “neuroticism”, “self-Unsatisfied”, “feelings of upset” and “indecisiveness” in both years. Generally the data showed that male students scored less somatic and psychological symptoms than female but not ego function and social support. The relationships of somatic and psychological symptoms and ego & social function will be discussed.