台灣中年母親之母愛付出類型與其青少年兒女母愛感受之互動分析

英文主題: 
A Dyadic Analysis of Mothers' Maternal Love and Their Children's Perception of Maternal Love
作者: 
黃淑滿(Shu-Man Huang) ; 周麗端(Li-Tuan Chou)
出刊年月: 
六月, 2018
起訖頁: 
P.111 - 144
中文摘要: 

研究目的:過去的研究顯示:母親母愛的付出和兒女所感受到的有所不同。到底什麼樣的母愛付出,引起了兒女什麼樣的母愛感受?其實際的互動的歷程如何?影響原因有那些?這些問題的解答是本研究的目的。研究方法:本研究透過十四位母親與其十六位青少年兒女配對且由研究者分別深入訪談的方法,從母親與其兒女對過去生命經驗和互動經驗的自述中,歸納出兩代情感互動的歷程類型及雙方面的影響因素。研究結果:本研究分析出五大類型的母兒親情互動歷程,包括:1.母親豐富的母愛付出,帶來兒女豐富的母愛感受;2.母親多而起伏的母愛付出,帶來兒女多而起伏的母愛感受;3.母愛付出隨著兒女漸長而降,這類型的兒女母愛感受歧異性高;4.普通程度的母愛付出,普通程度的母愛感受;5.處境困難的母愛付出大起大落,但兒女的母愛感受反而多。研究結論:母愛付出明顯牽動著兒女的母愛感受,母親的母愛付出穩定,兒女的母愛感受也穩定且對應性強。但母愛付出不穩定的母親,其兒女的母愛感受因母親的婚姻和經濟困難、教養觀念與作法、和兒女經驗反省能力的不同,歧異性大。

英文摘要: 

Purpose: Past studies have shown that a mother's maternal love and their children's perception of that love is not the same. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that influence the affect between mothers and their children and to describe the process by which that happens. Methods: We interviewed 14 Taiwanese mothers and their 16 adolescent children and made a thematic analysis of the results. Results: Our analysis of the examples of mother-child interactions identified 5 types of explicit maternal love and the corresponding response of the child: (1) mothers with rich explicit maternal devotion had children who reported experiences of rich maternal love, (2) mothers with favorable but slightly fluctuating maternal devotion had children who reported fluctuating but not bad maternal love, (3) mothers whose maternal love decreased gradually as the child grew up had children with mixed feelings concerning maternal love, (4) the ordinary level of child's feeling corresponded to the ordinary level of maternal devotion, and (5) mothers with difficult living conditions who exhibited highs and lows in their expression of love to their children tended to have children who reported unique experiences and good feelings. Conclusions: The mother's maternal love affected the feelings of their children. The mother's marriage and economic difficulties, parenting concepts and practices, and the children's ability to reflect on this experience are key factors affecting the extent of explicit maternal love and the child's perception of maternal love.